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The purpose of this was to stop the spread of communism.In the 1960s, in large part due to the strength of the Civil Rights Movement, another wave of social reforms was enacted by enforcing the constitutional rights of voting and freedom of movement to African-Americans and other racial minorities.A second and final war with Britain was fought in 1812, which solidified national pride. While the United States was large in terms of area, its population in 1790 was only 4 million.However this grew rapidly, reaching 7.2 million in 1810, 32 million in 1860, 76 million in 1900, 132 million in 1940, and 321 million in 2015.
In 1791, a Bill of Rights was added to guarantee inalienable rights.Tax resistance, especially the Boston Tea Party (1773), led to punitive laws by Parliament designed to end self-government in Massachusetts. In 1776, the Second Continental Congress declared a new, independent nation: the United States of America.Led by General George Washington, it won the Revolutionary War with large support from France.Confederate defeat led to the impoverishment of the South and the abolition of slavery.In the Reconstruction Era (1863–1877), legal and voting rights were extended to freed slaves.
After a prosperous decade in the 1920s, the Wall Street Crash of 1929 marked the onset of the decade-long worldwide Great Depression. Roosevelt ended the Republican dominance of the White House and implemented his New Deal programs, which included relief for the unemployed, support for farmers, Social Security and a minimum wage. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the United States entered World War II and financed the Allied war effort and helped defeat Nazi Germany in the European theater.