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The Qin Imperial burial ground itself exhibits a 80-metre-high earth pyramid standing on top of a burial chamber but this is located at the center of a giant necropolis, or city of the dead, spread over 2.13 sq km with an inner underground palace surrounded by an outer city.
The composite heads could then be mounted within slim wooden shafts, forming quite lethal bolts or arrows. It has been estimated that perhaps, 700,000 people were involved in the construction of an imperial tomb or mausoleum with an associated necropolis (i.e.The swords, lances, halberds and crossbows entombed with the Terracotta Army are believed to have been new, and fully functional as military equipment when buried.Blades show evidence of having been sharpened on a sort of rotary lathe or spinning whetstone. Archaeology International -75, DOI: Some of these martial artefacts feature a marked degree of good preservation despite having been underground, and in contact with soils, moisture, etc., for some 2,200 years.The weather was very dry in 1974, and the grain was dying in the fields in Lintong county, Shaanxi province, near Xian, China, and some local farmers decided to try to establish a new water well by digging at a low point in the terrain.They encountered very hard red earth about a meter down and then, on the third day, they dug out something resembling a jar whch one of the villagers wanted to take home to use as a container.
The farmers in this area had routinely come across terracotta clay fragments as they worked their fields and had sold many bronze arrowheads they also discovered to the recycling station.