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Over 33% of these aggressive acts were classified as severe (e.g., punching, beating up, threatening with a knife or gun).
Women are up to six times as likely to suffer violence at the hands of a partner or ex-partner than from a stranger (Bachman & Saltzman, 1995; Koss et al., 1994), and are more likely to suffer injury when their assailant is an intimate (Bachman & Salztman, 1995). Family Precursors: Expected and actual consequences of dating aggression.
International Journal of Health Services, 9, 461-498.
Violence also seems to be widespread within dating relationships. Approximately 53% of domestic violence victims present to physicians repeatedly (i.e., 6 or more times) with trauma-related injuries (Stark, Flitcraft & Frazier, 1979). Female victims of domestic violence are up to 13 times more likely to suffer injury to their breasts, chests, or abdomens than accident victims (AMA Diagnostic and Treatment Guidelines on Domestic Violence, 1992; Stark, et al., 1979). Risk of partner-perpetrated homicide is increased when a firearm is located in the home, when male partners are substance abusers, or when male partners have threatened violence (Campbell, 1986). Violence against women: Estimates from the redesigned survey. Women are at greatest risk of injury, sexual assault, and homicide by their partners.
Tonry (eds.) Family Violence: Crime and Justice, a review of research.